Hair loss is a completely natural phenomenon. There is no reason to panic at the sight of hairs on the comb – it is normal to shed up to 100 hair per day. However, if you see bold parts of the scalp are now more visible to you than before - you might need to pay a visit to your GP or consult with a trichologist. The main challenge is to establish the cause of your health problem as hair loss is a symptom of an underlying issue.
Hair growth is a cycle. When your hair is healthy, anagen, catagen and telogen phases follow each other continuously. You start experiencing hair loss when the blood no longer feeds the follicle and the telogen phase does not progress into the anagen phase.
Hormonal disbalance is one of the most common root causes behind hair loss, whether it's a postpartum drop in estrogen or an increase in androgens in PCOS. Hormonal hair loss in women and men is a pathological condition resulting from excessive levels of active forms of male sex hormones in the blood. There are 2 reasons for this disorder: excessive production of androgens by the adrenal cortex or ovaries, as well as a deficiency of enzymes involved in the synthesis of steroids.
What is common between all cases is timing - hair follicle reacts to a trigger with a 2-3 month gap. This is why it's important to address your cause as soon as you identified it to prevent chronic hair loss.
Here are a few science-backed tips for those out there struggling with hormonal hair loss:
- Micronutrient deficiencies. Check your blood for your hormone levels and micronutrient deficiencies such as serum iron, serum ferritin, total iron-binding capacity (TIBC), zinc, and selenium.
- Topical treatments. Use topical treatments in addition to the main therapy to address the root cause. These might include head massage, darsonvalization or light therapy.
- Active ingredients. Look out for serums and ampules with active ingredients such as nicotinic acid, amino acids or aminexil.
- Platelets. Try PRP (platelet-rich plasma) injections. Growth factors in your own plasma can regenerate hair follicles and promote hair growth.